Three Durbar squares of Kathmandu valley are the symbol of the ancient heritage of Kathmandu as well as Nepal. Those heritage sites reflects the cultural history of Nepal. Kathmandu is called as a capital of heritage as well as the city of temples. From the ancient time, many different families ruled over this valley. On the time period of different rulers they have made many heritages, cultural and religious architecture sites.
Durbar Squares of Kathmandu valley reflects the ancient culture and heritage.
There are three different major cities within the valley, named Kathmandu, Lalitpur(Patan) and Bhaktapur. Every major city represents different rulers and Durbar. Here is the description about those three Durbar squares of Kathmandu Valley which are also listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
It is located in the heart of Kathmandu city. The Malla kings ruled over Kathmandu from this palace. The Malla king Pratap Malla erected the statue of Hanuman (the Hindu god of power) in this place and it was named Hanumandhoka. Besides Hanumandhoka, Basantapur palace, Taleju temple, museum, house of Kumari, Kasthamandap, a Kettledrum, etc. the ancient heritage located here.
Patan Durbar Square
It was the palace of mall kings during medieval Nepal. It is located in Lalitpur district. Krishna temple with 21 golden pinnacles (Gajurs) is the masterpiece of Malla art and architecture. Besides this, there are Bhimsen temple, Bishwanath temple, Jagat Narayan temple, statue of Yog Narendra Malla, Mahabouddha, Kumbheshor Mahadev, temple of Rato Machhindranath etc. and typical Newari culture is another attraction of Patan durbar square.
Bhaktapur Durbar square
It was the place from where the Malla kings of Bhaktapur ruled over their kingdom. The heritage like fifty-five window-palace, statue of Bhupatindra Malla, national art gallery, golden gate, Nyatapola etc. are located here. It was enlisted in the world heritage site in 1979 AD. Typical Newari culture and vintage house styles are attractions of this Durbar square of Kathmandu valley.