Kathmandu sightseeing tour covers most of the attractions around Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu valley has 7 UNESCO listed world heritage sites. Beside this, there are so many places, things, attractions and culture to explore.
Kathmandu is the valley surrounded by the hills and mountains in the upper elevation. Three districts Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur are collectively called Kathmandu valley. During sightseeing one can enjoy the ancient durbar squares, arts and crafts of the ancient period, architects and designs of Hindu temples. More than thousand small/big temples are located here. Alongside hundreds of Buddhist monasteries and stupas are located here. If one is seeking for peace and sound environment can visit and enjoy in these Buddhist pilgrimage. One can visit the hill station for the breathtaking view of Kathmandu Valley, sunrise and sunset with the extended mountain range.
Some major attractions for Kathmandu sightseeing tour are:
Pashupatinath Temple – It is the holy place of the Hindus. The Pashupati area includes the temple of Pashupati, Deupatan, Jaya Bageshori, Gaurighat, Kutumbahal, Gaushala, Pingannath and Slashmantak forest. There are about 492 temples, Chaityas, Satals, etc. Temples are constructed in various styles. There are about one thousand Shivalingas in the Pashupati area.
Swoyambhynath Stupa – Buddhist temple of Swayambhunath is situated on the top of a hill in Kathmandu, is one of the most popular holy places and instantly recognizable symbol of Nepal. The temple is colloquially known as “monkey temple” because of a large tribe of roaming monkeys found there. This temple is regarded as the symbol of religious tolerance as there is the temple of Hindu goddess Saraswoti. There are other Stupas and idols also. Recently, the biggest statue of Buddha has been constructed near the Swayambhunath temple.
Bouddhanath Stupa – Bouddhanath Stupa, the biggest Stupa in Nepal, lies about 7 kms east of the capital. It is one of the oldest Sutpa in the country. It is believed that this Stupa was constructed in around 5th Century. There are over 45 Buddhist monasteries in this area. UNESCO enlisted it in the world heritage site in 1979 AD.
Kathmandu Durbar Square – It is located in the heart of Kathmandu city. The Malla kings ruled over Kathmandu from this palace. The Malla king Pratap Malla erected the statue of Hanuman (the Hindu god of power) in this place and it was named Hanumandhoka. Besides Hanumandhoka, Basantapur,palace, Taleju temple, museum, house of Kumari, Kasthamandap, a Kettledrum, etc. the ancient heritage located here.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square – It was the place from where the Malla kings of Bhaktapur ruled over their kingdom. The heritage like fifty-five window-palace, statue of Bhupatindra Malla, national art gallery, golden gate, Nyatapola etc. is located here. It was enlisted in the world heritage site in 1979 AD. Typical Newari culture and vintage house styles are attractions of this Durbar square.
Patan Durbar Square – It was the palace of mall kings during medieval Nepal. It is located in Lalitpur district. Krishna temple with 21 golden pinnacles (Gajurs) is the masterpiece of Malla art and architecture. Besides this, there are Bhimsen temple, Bishwanath temple, Jagat Narayan temple, statue of Yog Narendra Malla, Mahabouddha, Kumbheshor Mahadev, temple of Rato Machhindranath etc. and typical Newari culture is another attraction of this place.
Changunarayan Temple – Changunarayan temple, the oldest temple in Kathmandu valley came into existence in the 5th Century. The temple is adorned by some of the best specimens of stone, wood, and metal craft in the valley. The temple stands as the epitome of culture, religion, history and faith of Kathmandu valley. It is located in Bhaktapur district and 22 km east of Kathmandu. There is a lord vishnus’ idol with ten heads and ten arms. This is a fine example of stone carving from the 5th Century. The temple is made in pagoda style. There is also an inscription carved in stone, wood and metal craft made in the 5th Century.
Budhanilakantha/Jalnarayan Temple – Budhanilkantha is located at the base of Shivapuri hill. In the village of Budhanilkantha lies a 5 meter tall sleeping Vishnu (Jalasayana), the Hindu god, in the middle of a small pond. The sculpture from the 5th century represents Vishnu’s sleeping in the cosmic ocean while resting on Ananta Sesa the thousand headed snake. The Deity is over 1,000 years old. Lord Vishnu is about 5m (17 ft) long and is lying in a 13m (43 ft) long tank, as if floating, with His legs crossed.
If one is looking for a day hike and other adventurous activities, he/she can fulfill the enthusiasm in Shivapuri national park and conservation area. The national park surrounds the Kathmandu valley and lie in the nearest distance for adventurous activities, where hiking, rock climbing, cycling, canyoning can be carried out.