Tamu Losar is celebrated by the Gurung communities of Nepal. Lho means age and Sar means New or fresh. Losar is celebrated for 15 days. The main celebration of Losar is on the first three days. Gurungs divide time into cycles of 12 years (lohokor), to each year of which a special name is given, which is known as Barga (lho).
Gurung communities of Nepal, who are also called Tamu, celebrate Tamu Losar Festival.
This Losar festival is an important festival celebrated by the indigenous community of Nepal. Losar is the new year which starts on the month of December and lasts till February. Castes like Gurung, Sherpa, Tamang etc celebrate this festival. There are three types of Losar, Sonam, Gyalpo and Tamu Losar.
The festival also heralds the change in ‘Lho’. According to the oriental astrological system, there are 12 lhos–garuda, serpent, horse, sheep, monkey, bird, dog, deer, mouse, cow, tiger and cat. Therefore, each year is marked by a particular animal and they are arranged in a single circle (on paper), closely following the Tibetan calendar with its’ 12 animals. In early days, when there was no calendar system in Nepal, the 12 rotation system was used to calculate peoples’ ages.
People gather in a group and celebrate this festival. They go to stupas or Buddhist temples and chant prayers. They even perform Puja for the well being of their families and for a new start. They dance, sing and enjoy their day eating awesome delicacies.