If you are planning to visit Nepal and have a doubt, here are the 10 amazing facts about Nepal. All those facts about Nepal we have judge on the popularity and their relation with Nepalese history. It is always a matter of fact for travelers to know what kind of unique facts one country possess before traveling. Nepal, the beautiful country of Himalayas, is not just famous for its natural resources but also the unique cultural beauty, amazing biodiversity and the brave history that lies within.
Country of Brave Gurkha
Nepal is a country of brave warriors. This is one of the greatest and worldwide popular facts about Nepal. We boast about them all over the world. From the very past, Nepal has an independent history. Nepal wasn’t colonized to any country and till now we are an independent sovereign country. There was a kingdom which came to an end in 2008 and from then, Nepal is a constitutional country. The country was under the rule of Rana regime from 1846 to 1950 which ended due to people’s revolution.The Brave Gurkha’s are famous all over the world.
Gorkha is also the land of the brave Gurkha warriors who fought bravely with knives against the guns during the Anglo-Nepal war.The brave ancestors fought, stayed in famine, drought but didn’t fall into the trap of enemies or didn’t bow in front of them.This made the enemies praise our ancestors all over the world. The brave Gorkhali soldiers are still famous all over the world and the stories of their bravery have never gotten old. From Nepal to the US to Britain, everyone everywhere sings the praise of the bravery of a Gorkha soldier.Because of the bravery showed by the ancestors, Nepal is a sovereign independent state whose war stories are famous all over the world.
Country of Living Goddess “Kumari”
The Kumari goddess of Nepal is one such custom that is both compelling and controversial. In Nepal, Hindus and Nepali Buddhists (as opposed to Tibetan Buddhists) worship a living child as the embodiment of the goddess Taleju, or Durga as she is known in Indian Hinduism.
Every ten or so years, a girl aged between 4 to 7 years old is selected from a particular caste, Newar, to live as the real-life incarnation of the Goddess until her first menstruation, during which the goddess leaves her and she resumes her mortal status once more.She must also possess 32 specific attributes, ranging from the “eyelashes of a cow” to fearlessness and serenity.
Taleju is a fierce goddess, so the girl must also be tested for bravery. One test involves leaving the child in a darkened room surrounded by the severed heads of sacrificed animals and masked dancers. The true Kumari will remain calm and composed throughout this frightening ordeal.Once chosen, the girl must leave her home and family to reside in a palace as a living deity. She will rarely get to leave the palace, except when carried on a golden palanquin to religious ceremonies. In fact, she will barely walk at all, as her feet are deemed sacred, and even the King (and now Prime Minister since the fall of the royal family), will kiss her feet each year to ensure a blessing for the country. Petitioners will also seek her favor, just catching a glimpse of her is considered very good luck.
The legend had been around since at least the 17th century, and there are several legends as to how it came about. The most popular one tells of a Nepalese king who possessed the ability to communicate with the goddess Taleju. In fact, she used to visit him every night to play dice and discuss affairs of state. One night however, the king made a sexual advance towards her which infuriated the goddess. She visited him in a dream that night and told him that she has withdrawn her blessing for his kingdom and that his dynasty will be destroyed. She also vowed from them on to only appear as a young virgin girl of the Shakya caste.
Interestingly, that king’s dynasty did end in a coup shortly after, and the new king sought the blessing of Taleju in the form of a young Shakya girl. The tradition has continued ever since, and every September the Kumari goddess, decked out in jewels, makes a procession on her golden palanquin during the Indra Jatra festival. Thousands of petitioners surround her as she blesses the king and land once more.
Country of Mt. Everest, the tallest mountain of the world
Mount Everest is also called Chomolangma, meaning “Goddess mother of Snows” in Tibetan and ” Sagarmatha”, meaning the ” Mother Of Universe” in Nepalese. the mountain is sacred to the native people.It is located in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal.Its peak is 8,848 metres above sea level which makes it the tallest mountain of the world. It is over 60 millions old formed by the movement of Indian Tectonic plates pushing up and against the Asian plate. Mount Everest attracts many highly experienced mountaineers as well as capable climbers willing to hire professional guides.
There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the south-east in Nepal (known as the standard route) and the other from the north in Tibet. While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness weather, wind as well as significant objective hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Ice fall. More than 10,000 people climb this mountain every year. Sherpas are the famous tribe of this mountain who are famous all over the world. Nowadays you can observe the mountain by air as well go for sky diving from the world’s tallest mountain.
World Heritage sites of Nepal
Nepal is a country having various cultural and natural heritages, Temples, stupas, rest houses, inns, etc.are religious heritage. Language, arts, dress, the way of living, etc are cultural heritage. Himalayas, mines, rivers, waterfalls, lakes, forests, national parks, wildlife reserves, etc are natural heritage. All these religious, cultural and natural heritage are national properties. Besides, the public road, bridges, electricity, Chautara, etc are also national properties. All the public properties which are under the ownership of the state/nation are the national heritage. UNESCO has included Chitwan National Park in the list of World Heritage in 1984 and Sagarmatha National Park in 1979 AD.
The following are national heritage enlisted in World Heritage Site by UNESCO:
- Pashupati Area
- Sagarmatha National Park
- Chitwan National Park
- Hanumandhoka Durbar Square
- Patan Durbar Square
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square
- Changunarayan Temple
- Bauddhanath Stupa
- Swayambhunath Stupa
World’s Rarest Animals
Simply,Rare plants and animals are those whose number or frequency is less or in under threat of danger in comparison of others species(plants and animals). An endangered species is a native species that faces a significant risk of extinction in the near future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Such species may be declining in number due to threats such as habitat destruction, climate change, or pressure from invasive species.Nepal also have many rare ad endangered species. One horned rhinoceros, Kade Vyakaur, red panda, etc some rare birds and animals of Nepal.
Nepal is as diverse in her inhabitants as her geography and climate. It will not be an exaggeration to call Nepal a melting pot of races and tribes. Tibeto-Burmans, or Mongoloids from the north, and Indo-Aryans from the south are the two major groups who have inherited many customs from both the sides; and in the course of time have evolved in myriad forms by the influences of the land, climate and available resources. Sherpas are the major inhabitants of high mountains.
The Sherpas have easy access to Tibet for trade and social intercourse and therefore Tibetan influence on their culture and civilization remains distinct. They live by raising animals, and trading .The harsh climate and geography makes life a real challenge up on the mountains. Life here is a delicate balance of hard work and social merrymaking, tempered by a culture deeply steeped in ancient religious traditions. The mid-hills, valleys and river basins are home to various Tibeto-Burman and Indo-Aryan people, for example the Brahmins, Chettris, and Newars.
The Brahmins and Chettris inhabit through out the country mainly practising numerous form of agriculture and animal husbandry. But the Newars, who are more in business, are mainly concentrated in the Kathmandu Valley and othersmall and big towns across the country. The Tamangs live in the north central hills. The Rais, Limbus, Chepangs are mainly found in the eastern hills. The Magars, Gurungs, and Thakalis inhabit the central hilly region. They grow different crops and keep animals for their livelihood; and have their own distinct social and cultural patterns.
Culture and Heritage are the symbol of Nepal.
The Tharus, Kumhals, Brahmins, Rajputs, Danwars, Majhis, Darais, Rajbansis, Statars, Dhimals and Dhangarsare the chief ethnic groups living in the southern palins of Nepal. Most of these ethnics have roots in India. They speak different north Indian dialects – Maithili, Bhojpuri etc. Most of the inhabitants live on agriculture although there are some occupational castes like Majhi ( Fisherman), Kumhal (Potter) and Danuwar (Cart Driver).
As popularly stated by King Prithivi Narayan Shah Nepal is a common garden of four castes and 36 ethnic groups where people have lived in perfect harmony and peace for centuries. This respect for multi-lingual, multi- ethnicity and religious-diversity among the people of various ethnic, tribal, and social groups living in astonishingly varying physical and social settings; has made Nepal tremendously rich and diverse in her culture despite her poverty, illiteracy and backwardness .
The culture of Nepal is a unique combination of tradition and novelty. The traditions are followed as they were and new customs are created to keep pace with the changing times. Nepali culture manifests itself in various forms: religion, festivals, foods, drinks, language, music, dance, songs, folklore, literature and philosophy. Nepal, in short, is a country where art, culture and religion are a part of life of the inhabitants. Nepal has been a feudalism society and distinctively stratified across class lines so codes of manners, dress, language, rituals, norms of behaviour and faiths in various fields of life are the ways to live life.
Although Nepali people practice different religions, there has never been any conflicts regarding religion. Religious respect and tolerance are very important values to Nepalese.The largest portion is Hindu accounting for about 80 % of the population, approximately 11 percent people are Buddhists, 10 % Muslim, 4 % Kirat; and the rest are the other religion followers like Christians. Celebrations and festivities are core elements of Nepali culture. Nepal is a land of Festivals and rituals. Festivals in Nepal begin with religious significance and end as social events bringing families and friends together. There are more than 50 major festivals celebrated in Nepal throughout the year.
Most festivals have religious hue and are related to different Hindu and Buddhist gods and goddesses. Festivals like Vijaya Dashami, Deepawali, Buddha Purnima, Lhosar have national significance. However; there are some festivals which have historical significance and others are seasonal celebrations. For.For the Nepalese, festivals are not merely the annual spectacles, but also are a living part of their rich cultural heritage. Festivals have brought unity in the evident diversity that exists in Nepal.
World’s highest Altitude Lake, Tilicho Lake
Tilicho lake is located in the Manang district of Nepal. It is situated at an altitude of 4, 919 metres in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas. It is the highest altitude lake of the world.
The holy land- Country of Temples
Nepal, also known as holy land, is a house to many thousands gods and goddess worshipped by the people. Nepal worships more than 33 crore deities. It is believed that Nepal is a holy land because in the past, many gods and goddess visited here and many sages gained spirituality here. Many famous temples like Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath, Changunarayan, lies here. Nepal is a holy place for both Hindus and Buddhists people. You will find temples and stupas at every corner of the cities.
Birth Place of Gautam Buddha
The country is also the birth place of lord Gautam Buddha. Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born here. He established and taught people to live selflessly, he established peace and compassion in the world. His selfless act inspired millions of people and they later formed Buddhism on his teachings.
Country of Adventure
Now days Nepal is popular for Adventure. Nepal, not only famous for rich natural resources, you can also enjoy the life time divine ultimate adventurous activities. From white water rafting to sky diving from the world’s highest mountain, you can get the life changing experience. You can go for paragliding from big green hills, you can do trekking in the beautiful Himalayas as well go for canoeing in the water falls. You can enjoy the ultimate holiday experience in Nepal.